Whether it’s your well litter-trained cat or your new kitten that’s peeing all the places it shouldn’t, there is nothing to worry about. I understand as a cat-parent that this might be a challenge for you, that’s where I step in to help.
I understand this cat behavior can be infuriating and extremely inconvenient, but the sooner you get to the cause, sooner you can get to fixing this behavior. Apart from behavioral changes, you also need to look out for urinary tract problems that are quite common in our friendly felines.
In this article, I will explain the different causes and remedies for your cat’s strange behavior.
Let’s get into it!
Why is my cat peeing everywhere?
So you have found a smelly little puddle in your room and the culprit is lurking nearby pretending it has no idea how it got there. No reason to panic.
As we mentioned before, there are two major reasons your cat might be exhibiting this behavior: behavioral problems or medical concerns.
Let’s understand both of these!
6 Behavioral reasons of inappropriate urination
There are a number of behavioral issues that may be causing your cat to act out. From adaptation periods to stress, I have explained them for you here:
1. Adaptation period
If you have just bought a scared little kitten in your home, you need to help it get comfortable in the new space. I recommend you introduce your pet to it’s litter spot (litter training).
If you have brought a new pet at home, your cat might be marking its territory by peeing outside the box. This is a normal cat behavior and can be easily shunned by making both pets at ease with each other.
2. Messy litter box
Cats are clean animals. So you might need to keep a check on your cat’s litter box. A dirty litter box might make your cat pee right next to it but not in it.
You also need to make sure the litter box is easily accessible to your cat and is not covered by anything.
3. Separation Anxiety
This is not talked upon often, but separation anxiety for cats is as real as humans or even dogs. A cat experiencing this might show you many signs; from following you room to room to acting out if it sees you leave. One such symptom is your cat peeing outside the litter box.
You need to consult your local vet to rule out any underlying medical problem. Once that’s cleared, you need to make your cat’s living space more engaging.
Yes, you read that right. Your pets get stressed too. Cats are extremely sensitive to changes in their environment. Anything out of their normal routine pattern could throw them off and make them act out of their usual behavior.
So if you are bringing a new animal or a person in their living space, be mindful that this might tense your cat up. And their way of letting you know is by peeing and pooping outside the litterbox.
Make sure your cat has a safe space in your home. A small, safe getaway for your pet to calm themselves.
5. Multi-cat household
Another reason for your cat peeing everywhere but the litter box, could be your other pet cat. Sometimes your cats might not get along or one might bully the other.
An easy way out of this mess is to keep separate litter boxes for your pets, maybe even in separate rooms.
6. Inadequate cleaning of previous accidents
If there have been multiple incidents of peeing outside the box, you need to be careful. Cats can smell their urine so you need to make sure the previous crime scenes have been cleared out properly.
Use a scented cleaning agent to help you get the job done and keep your cat off its urine spots.
3 Medical reasons for cat eliminating outside the litter box
If your cat is peeing outside the litter box, it may be time to visit your vet. Your cat needs a thorough physical examination to make sure it is not experiencing any serious urinary or other physical issues. The result of the test will determine the treatment for your cat.
Cats are prone to urinary tract infections, metabolic problems and even bladder issues. And if these urinary problems become chronic, they are called feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD). There are special dietary restrictions your pet needs to follow if it is suffering any of these concerns.
Do not delay your visit to the local vet. Because these urinary problems often lead to even bigger problems. For instance, a urinary tract blockage might cause obstruction in peeing, leading to little or no peeing. This could even be fatal for your precious little feline.
A non-urinary problem might also be a cause for this strange behavior. Discomfort or pain in any other part of the body might You might need to do a urinalysis or a physical exam to get to the problem. Please, find out what is the best pet insurance for cats here.
But do not worry, all these issues can be easily medicated!
1. Urinary tract infection
One of the most common culprits is a UTI. These are more common in adult cats than kittens. It may be due to crystallization of minerals or in conjunction to some other medical issue like diabetes.
Mostly UTIs are dealt with antibiotics but a vet-specific treatment plan is advised.
2. Bladder stones
Another medical concern is formation of bladder stones, which cause obstruction in normal urine passage. If your vet is concerned about bladder stones, you will need to carry out an x-ray on your feline to determine the size and quantity of these little pests.
Smaller stones may be dissolved through medication but larger stones might require an operation.
3. Chronic kidney disease
This is a serious medical condition affecting older cats. It usually occurs due to prevailing kidney damage and impairment. The kidney malfunction can lead to many other health issues as waste materials are not adequately removed from blood.
6 Methods to prevent your cat from peeing everywhere
Here are some simple ways to take care of your cat’s peeing behavior:
1. Frequently clean the litter box
I cannot stress this enough, keep your kitty litter box clean! Scoop out clumps of litter daily. If you don’t, chances are your pet will scout a cleaner place to urinate. You are also required to deep clean your litter box. This means you remove all the cat litter, clean the box thoroughly with mild soap and water. Then allow it to dry properly before you add fresh litter for your pet.
You can also get yourself a self-cleaning litter box.
2. Add more litter boxes
If you live in a house and your cat has access to all of it, you should try setting up a litter box on each level.
Another reason for adding more litter boxes is if you have multiple cats. Some cats prefer separate boxes for pooping. So try adding another litter box to see if your cat prefers that.
3. Thoroughly clean out previous accidents
If you have been a victim of multiple out-of-box cat peeing incidents, you need to watch out.
A cat’s sense of smell is stronger than yours, so even if you think you have cleaned out the area peed on, you might need to revisit.
Try using a fragrant soap to entirely eliminate all smells of urine.
4. Reduce stress at home
If you wish to bring another animal or human home, make sure you take appropriate steps to make your pet comfortable with them.
A sudden addition of animals in their living space might threaten your pet cat. Make sure you allow them to slowly recognize each other and be comfortable in each other’s presence.
5. Make sure your cat doesn’t stay home alone for too long
Walk with her instead! A cat appreciates the outdoors just as much as any animal. Locking up your pet inside all day can cause irregularity in their behavior. Supervised walks outside are preferable, or even access to a nice window with a view.
Keeping your cat lonely will impact their health and their behaviors.
6. Visit the vet
It is very important for you to plan occasional visits to the vet. This allows you to be in line with your cat’s growing body and the associated needs. If you are experiencing irregular peeing behavior in your cat, a vet’s visit might be overdue.
A vet can help you rule out behavioral or medical reasons and help you treat your cat.
Here I have answered some frequently asked questions for you.
Why is my cat pooping on the carpet?
Most rugs are usually rough and absorbent. They might feel the same as your cat’s usual litter. These reasons might make your carpet a usual target for your cat’s mischief.
Make sure your kitten’s litter is clean and accessible. And if your cat is new to your home, you may need to train it.
Why is my cat pooping in the tub/shower?
Your cat pooping out of the litter box is pointing out to a behavioral or medical issue. You may need to visit the vet or check if the litter is clean. You need to be mindful if there has been a change in your pet’s routine causing it to act out or stressed.
Why is my cat pooping in the sink?
Cats are smart animals and are loyal to their litter box. If it is pooping or peeing out of place, it might be telling you something. Check if the litter box is smelly or tipped over. Make sure the litter box is within your pet’s reach.
It may point out to medical issues as well, so do not hesitate in visiting a vet.
Your cat peeing or pooping outside the designated litter box is not a problem but usually a symptom of a problem. Cats do not defecate outside their loo, and if your pet is, there is probably a good reason for it.